Ukraine gained freedom following the collapse regarding the Soviet Union in 1991 and it has since veered between seeking closer integration with Western Europe being drawn in to the orbit of Russia, which views its passions as threatened with a Western-leaning Ukraine.
European countries’s 2nd biggest nation, Ukraine is really a land of wide, fertile agricultural plains, with big pouches of hefty industry into the eastern.
While Ukraine and Russia share typical historic origins, the west regarding the country has closer ties featuring its European neighbors, especially Poland, and nationalist sentiment is strongest there.
A significant minority regarding the populace utilizes Russian as the very very very first language, especially in the cities as well as the industrialised eastern.
An uprising against pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych in 2014 ushered in a government that is western-leaning but Russia utilized the chance to seize the Crimean peninsula and arm insurgent groups to occupy areas of the industrialised eastern of Ukraine.
- Read more nation profiles – pages by BBC Monitoring
Population 44.9 million
Area 603,700 sq kilometer (233,090 sq kilometers)
Major languages Ukrainian (official), Russian
Major faith Christianity
Life span 64 years (males), 75 years (females)
President: Volodymyr Zelensky
Mr Zelensky’s initial claim to fame ended up being playing a television comedy programme, and their victorious election campaign emphasised content-light social networking videos over conventional rallies and policy speeches.
Their message had been, like this of their television character, pitched against corruption plus the charged energy of oligarchs, but Mr Zelensky himself has near ties to Ihor Kolomoisky, whom owns the 1+1 channel that their show seems in.
Mr Kolomoisky, whom dropped away because of the then President Petro Poroshenko in 2015, happens to be residing abroad as a result of many investigations into their company transactions in the home, and provided the inbound president strong help during the election campaign.
In the inaugural target, President Zelensky stated ending the Russian-backed insurgency in the eastern regarding the nation could be their concern.
Their Servant of those celebration continued to win very early parliamentary elections in July, providing President Zelensky control over both the administrator and also the legislature.
National news have actually adopted a united agenda that is patriotic the Russian annexation of Crimea as well as the armed conflict into the eastern.
Ukraine has prohibited relays of leading Russian TVs; in change, areas under Russian or separatist control have actually seen pro-Kyiv outlets silenced.
The authorities also block usage of some popular Russian sites and social support systems.
Television dominates the news landscape, and major commercial companies would be the leading outlets.
Numerous newspapers publish Ukrainian and Russian-language editions.
Some dates that are key Ukraine’s history:
1918 – Ukraine declares freedom after Russian Revolution.
1921 – Soviet guideline founded as Russian Red Army conquers two-thirds of Ukraine.
1932 – at the least seven million peasants perish in man-made famine during Stalin’s collectivisation campaign.
1941-44 – Ukraine suffers wartime that is terrible during Nazis career.
1945 – Allied triumph in 2nd World War contributes to conclusive Soviet annexation of west Ukrainian lands.
1986 – A reactor at the Chernobyl power that is nuclear explodes, giving a radioactive plume across European countries.
1991 – Given that Soviet Union heads towards dissolution, Ukraine declares liberty.
2004 – Orange Revolution mass protests force change that is pro-European of.
2014 February – Maidan Revolution ousts pro-Kremlin government over stalled eu relationship deal. Russia later seizes Crimean peninsula and launches insurgency to occupy areas of eastern Ukraine.
2019 April cougar life customer service phone number – Volodymyr Zelensky, a comedian and star without any previous experience with politics, wins presidential election run-off in a landslide success.